District Courts in Sri Lanka
The district court in Sri Lanka is the first instance and one of the lower courts. And a District Judge who has the power to exercise civil jurisdiction. In metropolitan areas such as Colombo, multiple district courts exist in one location.
The Mode of Institution of Action before the District Court
Every action of regular procedure shall be instituted by presenting a duly stamped written plaint to the court or to such officer as the court shall appoint on this behalf.
Jurisdiction of District Courts
Cases over which the District Court has jurisdiction to take cognizance, within its jurisdiction,
- Civil and commercial disputes
- Income and insolvency testamentary cases
- Family and marital disputes, including divorce and nullity of marriage
- Guardianship of persons of unsound mind and their property
- Testamentary case of a person deceased
- Care of minors and their property
- Land cases
- Partition cases
- Claims for accident
- Insurance claims
The High Court of Colombo exercises the jurisdiction of commercial disputes higher than Rs. 5 million in value and arising in the Western Province.
Appeals from judgments, decrees, and orders of a district court lie to the Court of Civil Appellate.
What court can you file your civil case in?
Subject to the monetary or other Institution of limitations prescribed by any law, action actions: shall be instituted in the court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction
a) a party defendant resides; or
(b) the land in respect of which the action is brought lies or is situated in whole or in part; or
(c) the cause of action arises; or
(d) the contract sought to be enforced was made.
Appointment and removal of District Court Judges
The judicial Service Commission appoints All district judges, and Judicial Service Commission has the power of dismissal and disciplinary control of the district judges. District court appoints additional district judges to a district court.
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